Category: Plain language summary

Neophyte invasions in European grasslands

By Irena Axmanová, Veronika Kalusová, Jiří Danihelka, Jürgen Dengler, Jan Pergl, Petr Pyšek, Martin Večeřa, Fabio Attorre, Idoia Biurrun, Steffen Boch, Timo Conradi, Rosario G. Gavilán, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Ilona Knollová, Anna Kuzemko, Jonathan Lenoir, Artem Leostrin, Jana Medvecká, Jesper Erenskjold Moeslund, Dragica Obratov-Petkovic, Jens-Christian Svenning, Ioannis Tsiripidis, Kiril Vassilev & Milan Chytrý

Percentage proportion of invaded plots (records with at least one alien plant) calculated per 50 km × 50 km grid cells.
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Plant functional traits involved in the assembly of canopy-recruit interactions

Prepared by Antonio J. Perea, Jose L. Garrido & Julio M. Alcántara

Mixed Pine-Oak forest of “Sierra Sur de Jaén” (the sampling site), Jaén, Spain. Photo credit: Antonio J. Perea.

Interactions between established individuals and recruiting plants (canopy-recruit interactions) are key drivers of plant community dynamics.…

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The biogeography of alien plant invasions in the Mediterranean Basin

By Luigi Cao Pinna, Irena Axmanová, Milan Chytrý, Marco Malavasi, Alicia T. R. Acosta, Silvia Giulio, Fabio Attorre, Erwin Bergmeier, Idoia Biurrun, Juan Antonio Campos, Xavier Font, Filip Küzmič, Flavia Landucci, Corrado Marcenò, Maria Pilar Rodríguez-Rojo & Marta Carboni

The flow of alien plants to Mediterranean Europe.
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Syntaxonomy and biogeography of the Irano-Turanian mires and springs

Prepared by Alireza Naqinezhad, Arkadiusz Nowak, Sebastian Świerszcz, Adel Jalili, Asghar Kamrani, Bryan D. Wheeler, Sue C. Shaw, Farideh Attar, Marcin Nobis, Sylwia Nowak & Michal Hájek

A fen site in the Havir area of the Alborz Mountains, Northern Iran. Photo credit: Alireza Naqinezhad

The vegetation of the dry/semi-dry Irano-Turanian phytogeographical region has been documented in numerous publications, but little is known about mountainous wetlands (mires and springs) in this region.…

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Unmanned aerial systems‐based monitoring of the eco‐geomorphology of coastal dunes through spectral Rao’s Q

Marco Malavasi, Manuele Bazzichetto, Jan Komárek, Vítězslav Moudry, Duccio Rocchini, Simonetta Bagella, Alicia Teresa Rosario Acosta & Maria Laura Carranza

Optical data collected by the drone and elaborated computing Rao’s Q diversity index allowed describing the study sites’ bio-physical heterogeneity and assessing the dune systems’ integrity.
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A invasão por Acacia é facilitada pela permeabilidade da paisagem: O papel da degradação de habitat e da rede rodoviária

Preparado por Gustavo Heringer, Jan Thiele, Cibele H. Amaral, João A. A. Meira-Neto, Fabio A. R. Matos, Jan R. K. Lehmann, Tillmann K. Buttschardt & Andreza V. Neri

Ecossistema de Mussununga do tipo savana arenosa rodeada por Mata Atlântica (esquerda) e Acacia mangium no ecossistema de Mussununga (direita).
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Acacia invasion is facilitated by landscape permeability: The role of habitat degradation and road networks

Prepared by Gustavo Heringer, Jan Thiele, Cibele H. Amaral, João A. A. Meira-Neto, Fabio A. R. Matos, Jan R. K. Lehmann, Tillmann K. Buttschardt & Andreza V. Neri

Sandy-savanna Mussununga ecosystem surrounded by Atlantic Forest (left) and Acacia mangium on Mussununga ecosystem (right).
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Niche differentiation, competition or habitat filtering? Mechanisms explaining co-occurrence of plant species on wet meadows of high conservation value

Prepared by Patryk Czortek, Anna Orczewska & Marcin K. Dyderski

Plant species typically occurring in Molinia meadows in the study site (Natura 2000 Special Area of Conservation “Łąki Dąbrowskie” (S Poland): (a) Iris sibirica, (b) Gentiana pneumonanthe, (c) Gladiolus imbricatus, (d), Betonica officinalis, (e) Inula salicina, and (f) Trollius europaeus (typical of the Calthion alliance).
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Plant communities, populations and individuals have distinct responses to short-term warming and neighbour biomass removal in two montane grasslands

By Travis Britton, Mark J. Hovenden, Meagan Porter, Rose Brinkhoff, Anna Flittner & Margaret M. Mayfield

Experimental warming chamber with a Ranunculus nanus flower in the foreground at Silver Plains field site, Tasmania, Australia (42.090254, 147.087945). Photo credit: Travis Britton.

Understanding how plant communities respond to environmental change is critical in the face of projected climate change.…

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