Category: Plain language summary

Functional traits and propagule pressure explain changes in the distribution and demography of non-native trees in Spain

By Carlos Lara-Romero, Paloma Ruiz-Benito & Pilar Castro-Díez

Old plantation of Australian blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus) in Cíes Island (National Park of the Atlantic Islands, Galicia, Spain). Photo credit: Pilar Castro-Díez.

Non-native tree species (NNT) have been planted worldwide to provide different types of benefits, from resources, such as wood, tannins, or fiber, to ornamental assets.…

Continue reading

Coping with changing plant-plant interactions in restoration ecology: Effect of species, site, and individual variation

Prepared by Pedro J. Garrote, Antonio R. Castilla & Jose M. Fedriani

The Mediterranean dwarf palm (Chamaerops humilis) spreads along the typical landscape of study sites in Doñana National Park (south-western Spain). (Photo credit: Pedro J. Garrote)

Most ecological interactions can usually be positive, negative, or neutral, depending on the balance between benefits and costs for their participants.…

Continue reading

Secondary succession on landslides in submontane forests of central Taiwan: Environmental drivers and restoration strategies

By Chien-Fan Chen, Ching-Feng Li, Chu-Mei Huang, Huan-Yu Lin & David Zelený

Sampling of spontaneously recovered vegetation after landslide disturbance in Central Taiwan, East Asia. A 20 m × 20 m plot was set up within the landslide area to investigate the species composition and environmental variables.
Continue reading

Spatial patterns in neighbourhood effects on woody plant selection and bark stripping by deer in a lowland alluvial forest

Prepared by Jan Holík & David Janík

A pond inside the Ranšpurk forest reserve, Czech Republic. The reserve is a unique remnant of old-growth forests in this region with management practices excluded in 1949. Because of the site location within a deer enclosure, a fence was erected in 1992 to protect it against deer herbivory.
Continue reading

Fine-grain beta diversity in Palaearctic open vegetation: variability within and between biomes and vegetation types

By Iwona Dembicz, Jürgen Dengler, François Gillet, Thomas J. Matthews, Manuel J. Steinbauer, Sándor Bartha, Juan Antonio Campos, Pieter De Frenne, Jiri Dolezal, Itziar Garcia-Mijangos, Riccardo Guarino, Behlül Güler, Anna Kuzemko, Alireza Naqinezhad, Jalil Noroozi, Robert K. Peet, Massimo Terzi & Idoia Biurrun

Sampling of a standard “EDGG Biodiversity Plots” in a meso-xeric pasture in Armenia, which was used in this study to derive fine-grain beta-diversity data.
Continue reading

Testing collection-time reduction in fine-root biomass estimation in Atlantic Forests

Prepared by Cinthia Silva, Vinícius Londe, André D’Angioli, Bruno Bordron, Carlos Joly & Simone Vieira

Example of fieldwork using the temporal prediction method in the montane Atlantic Forest. Photo credit: Cinthia Silva.

Studying the ecosystem’s functioning below the ground surface is not an easy task.…

Continue reading

Occurrence of Australian woody species is driven by soil moisture and available phosphorus across a climatic gradient

Prepared by Jingyi Ding, Samantha K. Travers & David J. Eldridge

Recording woody species at a site along a 100m transect in a Callitris spp. open woodland in eastern Australia. Photo credit: Jingyi Ding

When you are walking in the bush or hiking in a forest in Australia, you can find a diverse range of woody plants, with some species more often growing in dense forests but other species only occurring on open woodlands.…

Continue reading

Extreme drought has limited effects on soil seed bank composition in desert grasslands

Prepared by Alejandro Loydi & Scott Collins

General view of the (a) Chihuahuan Desert grassland and (b) Great Plains grassland experimental sites. Photo credit: Alejandro Loydi.

Climate change will impact all ecosystems across the globe, with particularly strong effects on mean annual temperature and rainfall.…

Continue reading

Multiple soil factors explain eutrophication signals in the understory vegetation of temperate forests

Prepared by Marina Roth, Hans-Gerhard Michiels, Heike Puhlmann, Carina Sucker & Markus Hauck

Vegetation field survey in a typical low-productive oak forest on acidic soil without signs of eutrophication. The photograph shows one of the study sites located in the Black Forest, southwest Germany.
Continue reading