Category: Plain language summary

Seed production and dispersal limit treeline advance in the Pyrenees

Prepared by Alba Anadon-Rosell, Marc Talavera, Josep M. Ninot, Empar Carrillo & Enric Batllori

Seed trap (indicated with a black arrow) at the krummholz zone, study site Dellui, Central Pyrenees (Spain). Photo credit: Enric Batllori.

Alpine treelines represent the upper altitudinal limit of the forest in mountain regions.…

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Classification of the Hyrcanian forest vegetation, northern Iran

Prepared by Hamid Gholizadeh, Alireza Naqinezhad & Milan Chytrý

Hyrcanian relict forests of Northern Iran, Javaherdasht area of Gilan province. Photo: Hamid Gholizadeh

The Hyrcanian forests, unlike the arid and semiarid landscape throughout most of Iran, is one of the remnants of ancient natural deciduous forests which form a vegetation belt in the southern shores of the Caspian Sea.…

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Ready for change: seed traits contribute to the high adaptability of mudflat species to their unpredictable habitat

Prepared by Shyam S. Phartyal, Sergey Rosbakh, Christian Ritz & Peter Poschlod

Recently drained fish ponds making a typical muddy habitat for mudflat plants in southern Germany. Photos credit: Peter Poschlod

Do we fully understand what role regeneration traits play in plant community assembly?…

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Diversity of functional trade-offs enhances survival after fire in Neotropical savanna species

Prepared by Marina Corrêa Scalon, Fabricius Maia Chaves Bicalho Domingos, Wesley Jonatar Alves da Cruz, Ben Hur Marimon Júnior, Beatriz Schwantes Marimon & Imma Oliveras

Figure 1. Photos representing the four resprouting categories of Cerrado trees after fire: (a) aerial, (b) stem, (c) basal, and (d) underground.
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Bryophyte and macrolichen diversity show contrasting elevation relationships and are negatively affected by disturbances in laurel forests of Madeira island

Prepared by Steffen Boch, Anabela Martins, Sara Ruas, Susana Fontinha, Palmira Carvalho, Fábio Reis, Ariel Bergamini & Manuela Sim-Sim

The unique laurel forest of Madeira island is a bryophyte and lichen diversity hotspot. Photo credit: Ariel Bergamini.

Madeira Island belongs to the Madeira Archipelago (Portugal) and is located 600 km northwest of the Western African coast in the Atlantic Ocean.…

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Diverging shifts in spring phenology in response to biodiversity loss in a subtropical forest

Prepared by Yanjun Du, Bo Yang, Si‐Chong Chen & Keping Ma

The first author, Yanjun Du (right), monitoring phenology in one of the experimental plots in the Biodiversity-Ecosystem Functioning Experiment of China (BEF-China), located in Jiangxi Province, China (117°55′E, 29°60′N). Photo credit: Bo Yang.
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Pollination and dispersal trait spectra recover faster than growth form spectrum during the spontaneous succession in sandy old-fields

Prepared by Edy Fantinato, Judit Sonkoly, Giulia Silan, Orsolya Valkó, Béla Tóthmérész, Balázs Deák, András Kelemen, Tamás Miglécz, Silvia Del Vecchio, Francesca Bettiol, Gabriella Buffa & Péter Török

Forest-steppe mosaic in the Kiskunság sand region, Hungary. Photo credit: Balázs Deák.

The widespread abandonment of agricultural areas and croplands is making large areas available to test techniques for the restoration of grassland habitats.…

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